Black lives matter.

We stand in solidarity with the Black community.

Racism is unacceptable.

It conflicts with the core values of the Kubernetes project and our community does not tolerate it.

Viewing legacy documentation for Kubebuilder, check out the latest documentation instead.

Markers for Config/Code Generation

KubeBuilder makes use of a tool called controller-gen for generating utility code and Kubernetes YAML. This code and config generation is controlled by the presence of special “marker comments” in Go code.

Markers are single-line comments that start with a plus, followed by a marker name, optionally followed by some marker specific configuration:

// +kubebuilder:validation:Optional
// +kubebuilder:validation:MaxItems=2
// +kubebuilder:printcolumn:JSONPath=".status.replicas",name=Replicas,type=string

See each subsection for information about different types of code and YAML generation.

Generating Code & Artifacts in KubeBuilder

KubeBuilder projects have two make targets that make use of controller-gen:

See Generating CRDs for a comprehensive overview.

Marker Syntax

Exact syntax is described in the godocs for controller-tools.

In general, markers may either be:

  • Empty (+kubebuilder:validation:Optional): empty markers are like boolean flags on the command line -- just specifying them enables some behavior.

  • Anonymous (+kubebuilder:validation:MaxItems=2): anonymous markers take a single value as their argument.

  • Multi-option (+kubebuilder:printcolumn:JSONPath=".status.replicas",name=Replicas,type=string): multi-option markers take one or more named arguments. The first argument is separated from the name by a colon, and latter arguments are comma-separated. Order of arguments doesn’t matter. Some arguments may be optional.

Marker arguments may be strings, ints, bools, slices, or maps thereof. Strings, ints, and bools follow their Go syntax:

// +kubebuilder:validation:ExclusiveMaximum=false
// +kubebuilder:validation:Format="date-time"
// +kubebuilder:validation:Maximum=42

For convenience, in simple cases the quotes may be omitted from strings, although this is not encouraged for anything other than single-word strings:

// +kubebuilder:validation:Type=string

Slices may be specified either by surrounding them with curly braces and separating with commas:

// +kubebuilder:webhooks:Enum={"crackers, Gromit, we forgot the crackers!","not even wensleydale?"}

or, in simple cases, by separating with semicolons:

// +kubebuilder:validation:Enum=Wallace;Gromit;Chicken

Maps are specified with string keys and values of any type (effectively map[string]interface{}). A map is surrounded by curly braces ({}), each key and value is separated by a colon (:), and each key-value pair is separated by a comma:

// +kubebuilder:validation:Default={magic: {numero: 42, stringified: forty-two}}